This page contains articles, blog posts, readings, and videos related to the development of transliteracy skills.

ACTFLProficiencyGuidelines2012.JPG - Guidelines (updated in 2012) for speaking, writing, reading, and listening
BuildingComprehensionThroughPreDuringPostReading.JPG - An excellent article that contains tons of practical ideas for supporting students' comprehension in each of the three phases of reading.

NCLRCTheEssentialsOfLanguageTeaching.gif - Helpful modules designed to help language teachers learn to teach the 4 skills (including reading)

Arnzen, Michael. (2005, August). Shifting the paradigm: Transformative learning theory. Pedablogue. Retrieved February 19, 2009, from

Banaszewski, Tom. (2002, January/February). Digital storytelling finds its place in the classroom. MultiMedia Schools. Retrieved December 8, 2011, from

Escamilla, K. (1999). Teaching literacy in Spanish. In R. DeVillar & J. Tinajero (eds.). (2000). The Power of Two Languages. New York: McMillan/McGraw-Hill, 126-141. Retrieved July 24, 2014, from

GarcĂ­a, Ofelia, Bartlett, Lesley, & Kleifgen, JoAnne. (2006). From biliteracy to pluriliteracies. Handbook of Applied Linguistics, 5. Retrieved July 24, 2014, from

Leu Jr., Donald J., Kinzer, Charles K., Coiro, Julie, & Cammack, Dana W. (2004). Toward a theory of new literacies emerging from the Internet and other information and communication technologies. Theoretical Models and Processes of Reading, 5, 1570-1613. Retrieved December 15, 2007, from

Livingstone, Sonia. (2003). The changing nature and uses of media literacy. Media@ lse Electronic Working Papers, London School of Economics, 4. Retrieved May 30, 2008, from

McCloud, Scott. (1993). Understanding comics: The invisible art. NY: HarperPerennial. ISBN 0-06-097625-X. (Chapter 8)

McLoughlin, C., & Krakowski, K. (2001). Technological tools for visual thinking: What does the research tell us? Retrieved April 30, 2005, from

Porter, Bernajean. Digital storytelling across the curriculum: Finding content's deeper meaning. The Creative Educator, pp. 7-9. - Article outlines 21st Century skills developed by digital storytelling, then gives examples of several different types of stories students could create.

Porter, Bernajean. (2010, September/October). Where's the beef? Adding rigor to student digital products. Learning & Leading with Technology, pp. 14-17. Retrieved December 8, 2011, from

Sankey, Michael D. (2002). Considering visual literacy when designing instruction. e-Journal of Instructional Science and Technology, 5. Retrieved December 15, 2007, from

Sherris, Arieh (Ari). (2008, September). Integrated content and language instruction. CAL Digests. Retrieved February 19, 2009, from

Thomas, Sue. (2008). Transliteracy and new media. In R. Adams, S. Gibson, & S. Muller Arisona (Eds.), Transdisciplinary Digital Art. Sound, Vision and the New Screen (pp. 101-109). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. Retrieved May 27, 2008, from